Artefact : 125mm HE vs SPACED ARMOUR | 3OF19 High Explosive Armour Penetration Simulation Simulation of the 125mm 3OF19 HE-FS projectile against single plate armour and spaced armour. Spaced armour is supposed to improve protection against explosives, as the air gap allows for the blast energy to be dissipated before hitting the armour underneath.
The total metal weight and thickness is equal for both tests, but with the spaced armor having an air gap of 125mm. Plates are mounted at 60° for all tests. Approximate velocity of the fragments is around 1400 m/s.
Discussion with Artificial Intelligence
Mechalab says : The total metal weight and thickness is equal for both tests, but with the spaced armor having an air gap of 125mm. Plates are mounted at 60° for all tests. Approximate velocity of the fragments is around 1400 m/s. Compare analysis with OpenFOAM and Autodesk Inventor FEA
AI answers :
Comparing the analysis of the 125mm HE projectile against spaced armor with OpenFOAM and Autodesk Inventor FEA (Finite Element Analysis) can provide valuable insights into the performance of the armor configuration. Each of these software tools has its strengths and can be used to complement each other in such simulations. Here’s a brief comparison:
- Open Source: OpenFOAM is an open-source computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software. It’s highly customizable and widely used in research and engineering.
- Fluid Dynamics: OpenFOAM is primarily designed for fluid flow simulations but can be extended for multiphysics simulations, including fluid-structure interaction and explosion simulations.
- CFD Modeling: It’s well-suited for modeling the behavior of the explosive blast and its interaction with the spaced armor’s air gap. You can simulate the blast wave propagation and its effect on the armor plates.
- Complex Physics: OpenFOAM allows for detailed modeling of complex fluid dynamics and shock wave interactions, which are essential for analyzing the impact of an HE projectile.
- Autodesk Inventor FEA:
- Finite Element Analysis: Autodesk Inventor FEA is a commercial software specifically designed for finite element analysis, which is excellent for structural and mechanical simulations.
- Solid Mechanics: It’s ideal for analyzing the mechanical response of the armor plates when subjected to the blast from the HE projectile.
- Structural Integrity: Autodesk Inventor FEA can provide insights into stresses, deformations, and potential failure points in the armor plates and the spaced armor system.
- Material Properties: You can accurately define material properties and boundary conditions for the plates to simulate their behavior under explosive loads.
To compare the results from these two software tools, you can perform the following steps:
- OpenFOAM Analysis:
- Simulate the explosive blast and its interaction with the spaced armor system using OpenFOAM.
- Extract relevant data such as pressure distributions and shock wave propagation.
- Autodesk Inventor FEA:
- Import the geometry and material properties of the armor plates into Autodesk Inventor FEA.
- Apply the loads and boundary conditions from the OpenFOAM simulation to replicate the explosive effects.
- Perform a structural analysis to determine how the plates respond to the blast.
- Compare the results from both simulations to assess the effectiveness of the spaced armor in terms of protecting against the HE projectile.
- Look for stress concentrations, deformations, and potential failure points in the structural analysis.
- Analyze how the air gap in the spaced armor influences the overall performance.
This combined approach allows you to evaluate both the fluid dynamics aspects of the explosion and the structural response of the armor plates comprehensively. It can provide valuable insights into the armor’s ability to withstand the impact of the HE projectile.
Mechalab says :
What are the predictive results of the comparison?
AI concludes :
Predictive results from a comparison of the simulation using OpenFOAM and Autodesk Inventor FEA for the interaction between the 125mm HE projectile and spaced armor would depend on the specific details of the simulations and the properties of the materials and geometry involved. While I can’t provide exact results without access to the simulation data, I can outline some potential outcomes that might be observed based on the nature of the simulation:
- Pressure Distribution and Blast Wave Propagation (OpenFOAM):
- OpenFOAM could provide insights into how the blast wave from the HE projectile propagates through the air gap in the spaced armor.
- It might predict the reduction of the blast’s energy due to the air gap, potentially resulting in a lower pressure reaching the inner armor plate.
- The simulation might show how the air gap dissipates energy, affecting the shock wave and its effects on the plates.
- Stress Distribution and Deformation (Autodesk Inventor FEA):
- Autodesk Inventor FEA could predict the stress distribution and deformation in both the outer and inner armor plates.
- The presence of the air gap could lead to a different stress pattern compared to a single plate of the same thickness.
- Depending on the properties of the materials used, the simulation might show areas of higher stress concentration around the edges of the spaced armor.
- Protection Effectiveness:
- The comparison could show whether the spaced armor configuration provides improved protection against the HE projectile compared to a single plate of equal total metal weight and thickness.
- If the spaced armor effectively dissipates the blast energy, the inner plate might experience lower stresses and deformations, indicating enhanced protection.
- Potential Failure Points:
- Autodesk Inventor FEA might reveal potential failure points in the armor plates, such as areas of high stress concentration or deformation that could lead to penetration or rupture.
- The presence of the air gap could influence the failure modes, affecting whether the projectile penetrates or is stopped by the armor.
- Recommendations and Design Insights:
- Based on the simulation results, engineers and researchers could make recommendations for optimizing the spaced armor design.
- Insights might include adjusting the air gap thickness, altering the materials, or modifying the angle of the plates to enhance protection.
Keep in mind that these are general potential outcomes and not specific predictions. The actual results would depend on the accuracy of the simulation setup, the fidelity of the material models, and the precision of the inputs. Real-world validation through testing and experimentation would be essential to confirm the accuracy of the simulations and their predictive capabilities.